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Ushishavijaya, Amitayus and White Tara


81 x 57 см.

canvas, mineral colors, gold, brocade
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Ushishavijaya, Amitayus and White Tara
(tib. tsug tor nam par gyal ma)

Ushnishavijaya (The Victorious One of the Crown Protuberance) the goddess of long-life, seated inside a 'victory caitya,'. "Ushnishavijaya, the colour of an autumn moon; with three faces, white, yellow and blue and eight hands; each face has three very large eyes. The first right hand holds a visvavajra; second a white lotus with Amitabha residing; third, an arrow and fourth, in supreme generosity. The first left holds a vajra lasso; second, a bow; third, bestowing protection and fourth in meditative equipoise holding an auspicious nectar vase; complete with silks and jewel ornaments, seated in [vajra] posture.

The 'caitya,' historically a funerary mound for the remains of buddha Shakyamuni, is now seen as a geometric architectural model representing the enlightenment of the buddha as well as a blueprint for the very path to achieve enlightenment. Each feature of the model represents an aspect of Buddhist teaching and meditation which must be accomplished in order to obtain the ultimate result. From the view of the result, the model represents all the qualities of complete buddhahood.
There are three basic elements of form; a square base which acts as a throne, above that is the round vase-like structure, and above that, the spire with multiple flat discs and adorned with a parasol and hanging pendants. There are eight common styles of 'caitya' construction representing eight acts of Shakyamuni Buddha.

Ushnishavijaya is often accompanied by the deities Amitayus and White Tara. Together they are known as the Three Long-life Deities. The practice is common to all Schools of Tibetan Buddhism.
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